National Geographic, Sea Level Rise, and Virginia’s Coasts: Part II: Navigating Economic Impacts and Solutions

na - national geo

“As the planet warms, the sea rises.  Coastlines flood.  What will we protect?  What will we abandon?  How will we face the danger of rising seas?” Tim Folger’s popular National Geographic article focuses on the dangers of sea level rise across the planet, to which Virginia’s coasts will also be vulnerable. In addition to demonstrating that our planet’s coasts will be vulnerable, Folger goes on further to point out the economic risks rising seas pose and possible solutions for mitigating those risks. Folger thinks sea level rise is no longer a secret or something we can keep denying, but rather he thinks its a reality we will all need to face sooner or later.  As discussed in Part I of this Blog article, while Folger did not discuss the risks for Virginia specifically, the Virginia coasts are not immune to rising … [Read more...]

Panel 3: “Perspectives from Law and Policy”

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  Professor Ronald Rosenberg (William & Mary Law School) moderated the third panel on Saturday. This panel discussed legal issues local governments will face when dealing with sea level rise. The panel was composed of Professor Peter Byrne (Georgetown Law Center), Professor John Echeverria (Vermont Law School), and Professor John Nolon (Pace Law School). Byrne started the panel by discussing Koontz v. St. Johns River Management District. According to him the three main constraints on local governments are 1) local politics, 2) state authorizing statutes, and 3) the takings clause, as interpreted by the US Supreme Court. Traditionally, the takings clause hasn't been that much of a limitation and was only invoked if regulation destroys all of the economic value of a property. However, based on Koontz,this could become more … [Read more...]

Panel 2: “From Power Lines to Ports: Protecting Critical Infrastructure”

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Mary-Carson Saunders Stiff moderated the second panel on Saturday. This panel discussed critical infrastructure (“CI”). The panel was composed of Mark Slauter (Virginia Department of Emergency Management), David White (Virginia Maritime Association), Speaker Pollard (Christian & Barton, LLC), Heather Wood (Virginia Port authority), and Trip Pollard (Southern Environmental Law Center). Mary-Carson started the panel off by asking the members to introduce themselves, give their definition of CI, and state their greatest concern related to protecting critical infrastructure.   Pollard (Trip) described CI as essential physical facilities (bridges, roads, ports, airports, natural gas lines, etc.) and said his greatest concern is that we are nowhere near ready for the problems we are already dealing with let alone what's … [Read more...]

Panel 1: “Federal Agency Vulnerability to Climate Change Risks:  What is at stake for the Hampton Roads Region?”

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 The panel discussion started with each member giving some background information on the work they are doing relating to potential impacts from sea-level rise at their respective facilities.   Mr. Bundick’s job is to consider environmental involvement of any planned activities at the NASA / Wallops Island facility (Wallops).  This facility is located due west from Chincoteague, Virginia and is the only civilian run launch facility in the United States.  NASA/Wallops Island was established on July 4th, 1945 in response to Langley Research Center’s desire to find a safe location to test rockets.  It is a field base for Goddard Space Flight Center, which is a world leader in climate change and sea level rise research.  A number of other agencies have facilities within Wallops Island including NOAA, the U.S. Coast Guard … [Read more...]

“The Climate Change Challenge:  An Update from Washington” – Christina DeConcini, World Resources Institute

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Ms. DeConcini is the Director of Government Affairs for the World Resources Institute (WRI).  WRI is an environmental think tank with its majority of work in developing countries, but also does work in climate change and sea level rise in the US as well.   Ms. DeConcini started out her presentation by touching on a few key items discussed during Friday’s session.  She stressed that while 1/3 of the United States is having an unusually cold weather this winter, it is all about trends and not single events or seasons.  To this she added the facts that the U.S. has had 346 consecutive months hotter than the 20th century average and this is the 37th consecutive year with temperatures above the global average.  These trends in global warming have had substantial and disastrous consequences.  Since 1980, $1 trillion have been … [Read more...]

“Climate Change, Resource and Infrastructure Use: Emerging Regional and International Law Issues” — Muna Mustafa H A Al-Marzouqi, SJD student at Tulane University Law School, Lecturer at Qatar University College of Law

Muna

Muna Mustafa H A Al-Marzouqi is a lecturer at the Qatar University School of Law  and along with two colleagues attended The Role of Law and Government in Protecting Communities from Extreme Weather and Coastal Flood Risks: Local, Regional, and International Perspectives to speak on Qatar’s involvement in coastal planning.  Muna was the first of the visiting Qatar scholars to speak and must have anticipated the audience’s limited knowledge of Qatar.   Admittedly, the Middle East isn’t the first region that comes to mind when you think about coastal flood management and Qatar as a single nation is even further off the radar.  As Muna was quick to note, however, that doesn’t mean Qatar is not concerned or focused on coastal flood management.  In a country where 90% of the population lives in coastal settlements and … [Read more...]

“Climate Change, Resource and Infrastructure Use: Emerging Regional and International Law Issues” — Francis Botchway

Francis Botchway

Transboundary resource exploitation and environmental responsibility Francis Botchway is the associate dean for research at Qatar University School of Law and presented on transboundary resource exploitation and environmental responsibility both in regards to Qatar and globally.  Qatar is not alone in these issues, but is uniquely affected because of its location in the middle east.   As the middle east and Qatar continue searching for more oil and gas reserves, border questions become more predominant issues.  Without clear, defined, and undisputed borders it isn’t clear what country is entitled to profit off discovered reserves-- particularly true for underwater resources.  Indeterminacy can be problematic, but as Francis notes, it can also promote neighborliness, technological advancements, peace promotion, and … [Read more...]

“Climate Change, Resource and Infrastructure Use: Emerging Regional and International Law Issues”

Rudiger

Rudiger is the Director for The Center for Energy, Environmental and Sustainability Law and Policy at Qatar University College of Law and focused his presentation on the policy and regulatory options to mitigate climate change in Qatar.   He began his presentation by drawing attention to the recent development changes in Qatar that have been popping up all over the coastal regions.  Because of recent economic booms, these developments have been rapid, intense, and all serve a luxury clientele seeking to make their homes on the coasts.  Developments like the Pearl, are beginning to pepper Qatar’s coast, but their luxury features are not the only thing these developments have in common.  They also share an increased risk of coastal flooding, limited roads for egress, and high populations.  These factors combined create … [Read more...]

Managing Climate Risks in the Global Context:  Why Adaptation Matters for National Security

Rear Admiral Jonathan White

Presented by: Rear Admiral Jonathan White, Oceanographer of the Navy Jonathan White was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral in August 2012 and became Director of Task Force Climate Change and the Navy Deputy to NOAA. White began his talk with a quip that he was excited to come down from DC for this event, as he rarely gets to talk to lawyers for free. In talking about the Navy's long running inquiry into climate change, he listed three primary issues that they are focused on: 1) the Arctic, in terms of maritime responsibility; 2) the role of the Navy in coastal policy, noting that Navy bases are very vulnerable; and 3) global security. “Everything going on with climate change has to do with water,” he noted, listing the acidification of oceans, increasing droughts, and flooding in the Himalayas that is occurring for the first … [Read more...]

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